Sunday, January 12, 2020

Why Prostitution Shouldn’t Be Legal?

Prostitution is a world wide controversial matter that has been around for many years. Prostitution itself is an old profession, but what about it leads to controversial arguments and opposing view points from our society? The idea that prostitution poses of selling one's body in exchange for money has had a negative impact in our society since it was first introduced into our presence. The many risk factors that follow prostitution, for example HIV, are one of many problems associated with going against legalizing prostitution. However, many people feel that diseases will be less frequent with legalizing prostitution.I would like to further explore this topic throughout the course of the semester, and gain an enhanced insight involved on each opposing side's point of view towards the issue, while finding the relevant information needed to back up my ideas and theory for this particular topic. â€Å"Prostitution is an extreme form of gender discrimination. Legalization of this viole nce to women restricts women's freedom and citizenship rights. If women are allowed to become a legitimate commodity, they are consigned to a second-class citizenship. Democracy is subverted† Donna Hughes Making the Harm VisibleThere is intense debate surrounding the legalization of prostitution. Full legalization involves prostitution taking the same status as any other occupation, i. e. giving sex workers access to social security and healthcare, regulating their places and terms of employment, etc. In many EU countries prostitution is de-criminalized, in other words, it is not a criminal offence to work as a prostitute. In the words of Hughes: â€Å"Considering the documented harm to women who are trafficked and prostituted, it is only logical that women should not be criminalized for being the victim of those abuses.Decriminalization also means that women will not fear arrest if they seek assistance and may be more likely to testify against pimps and traffickers. † Hughes goes on to argue that profiting from the services of a prostitute should be a crime in law, be this as a man buying sexual services, or as anyone gaining financial profit from a sex worker's activity: â€Å"But there absolutely should be no decriminalization for pimps, traffickers, brothel owners, or the men who buy women in prostitution. All legal reforms should aim to stop these perpetrators and profiteers. In her Factsheet on Prostitution, Melissa Farley argues that prostitution is: a) sexual harassment b) rape c) battering d) verbal abuse e) domestic violence f) a racist practice g) a violation of human rights h) childhood sexual abuse I) a consequence of male domination of women j) a means of maintaining male domination of women k) all of the above The well known Andrea Dworkin is part of the feminist camp which claims â€Å"Violation is a synonym for intercourse† (Dworkin, Intercourse), and prostitution is no exception; Beyond that, prostitution is the not only the affirmation, but the result of male supremacy.In a 1992 speech called Prostitution and male supremacy, Dworkin claims: â€Å"When men use women in prostitution, they are expressing a pure hatred for the female body. It is as pure as anything on this earth ever is or ever has been. It is contempt so deep, so deep, that a whole human life is reduced to a few sexual orifices, and he can do anything he wants. † Dworkin too asks how to define prostitution, she provides an answer: â€Å"Prostitution is not an idea.It is the mouth, the vagina, the rectum, penetrated usually by a penis, sometimes hands, sometimes objects, by one man and then another and then another and then another and then another. That's what it is. † Andrea Dworkin was speaking at a symposium with the focus of translating ideas from academia to action, but Farley claims Dworkin's brand of feminism is dead. Citing Catharine MacKinnon: â€Å"[In the past, we had a women's] movement which understood that the choice to be beaten by one man for economic survival was not a real choice, despite the appearance of consent a marriage contract might provide. .. Yet now we are supposed to believe, in the name of feminism, that the choice to be fucked by hundreds of men for economic survival must be affirmed as a real choice, and if the woman signs a model release there is no coercion there. † Farley's factsheet publishes results from one study which found 75% of women working as escorts had attempted suicide, and Hughes too points to the harm done to women through prostitution: â€Å"Prostitution causes extreme harm to the body and the mind.Women, who survive the beatings, rapes, sexually transmitted diseases, drugs, alcohol, and emotional abuse, emerge from prostitution ill, traumatized, and often, as poor as when they entered. † Calling on governments to realize that ‘women's bodies and emotions belong to them', Hughes says that is a state permits prostitution to flouri sh, a certain portion of each generation of young women will be lost. â€Å"Prostitution should not be legalized. Legalization means that the state imposes regulations under which women can be prostituted. In effect, regulation means that under certain conditions it is permissible to exploit and abuse women. In 1998 the Swedish government brought a bill to parliament which would in effect criminalize the buyers of sexual services, punishing them with a heavy fine or 6 month in jail. The bill as cited by EUROPAP states: â€Å"This new prohibition marks Sweden's attitude towards prostitution. Prostitution is not a desirable social phenomenon. The government considers, however, that it is not reasonable to punish the person who sells a sexual service. In the majority of cases at least, this person is a weaker partner who is exploited by those who want only to satisfy their sexual drives†¦It is also important to motivate prostitutes to seek help to leave their way of life. They s hould not run the risk of punishment because they have been active as prostitutes. † The legislation in Sweden was not only the result of lesser social acceptance of prostitution, but also an effort to eradicate trafficking. Legally able to sell her body, albeit for a short period of time, women become commodities. Commodification of women not only leads to women becoming second class citizens, but it also normalizes the concept of a human being becoming the property of someone else.For Hughes, there is no difference between trafficking which is by now universally recognized as a severe violation of human rights, and prostitution, which in Europe is widely tolerated, occasionally partly legal, and in the case of Holland, entirely so: â€Å"Prostitution is consuming thousands of girls and women and reaping enormous profits for organized crime in post-communist countries. In addition, each year, several hundred thousand women are trafficked from Eastern European countries for p rostitution in sex industry centers all over the world.The practices are extremely oppressive and incompatible with universal standards of human rights. The sex trade is a form of contemporary slavery and all indications predict its growth and expansion into the 21st century. † The European Parliament reports that police do not expect the sex trade to grow substantially in the Nordic region, however, the Swedish government hopes â€Å"By prohibiting the purchase of sexual services, prostitution and its damaging effects can be counteracted more effectively than hitherto.The government is however of the view that criminalization can never be more than a supplementary element in the efforts to reduce prostitution and cannot be a substitute for broader social exertions. † Hughes would agree that there is a wider social context; however she says â€Å"Above all, state bodies and non-governmental organizations should understand that prostitution is a demand market created by men who buy and sell women's sexuality for their own profit and pleasure.Legal reforms should therefore create remedies that assist victims and prosecute perpetrators† The perception of the prostitute as a victim is one which resounds through the literature against legalization of sex work. For Dworkin, the prostitutes is a victim of male supremacy, poverty and/or incest, and Catharine MacKinnon puts prostitution in a wider context in Prostitution and Civil Rights: â€Å"The legal right to be free from torture and cruel and inhuman or degrading treatment is recognized by most nations and is internationally guaranteed.In prostitution, women are tortured through repeated rape and in all the more conventionally recognized ways. Women are prostituted precisely in order to be degraded and subjected to cruel and brutal treatment without human limits; it is the opportunity to do this that is exchanged when women are bought and sold for sex. † An alternate school of feminism s ees sex work as empowerment, and the sex worker as willfully exerting and exploiting her power over the client.For Hughes, the concept is impossible: â€Å"Most arguments in favor of legalization are based on trying to distinguish between ‘free' and ‘forced' prostitution and trafficking. Considering the extreme conditions of exploitation in the sex industry, those distinctions are nothing but abstractions that make for good academic debates. They are, however,

Saturday, January 4, 2020

The Origin Of Ethical Principles Essay - 1206 Words

The origin of ethical principles can fundamentally be traced along two lines, firstly from necessity and secondly from want. Both motivators are based on man’s first instinct to fear, but the former lies in the protection of baser needs, viz. food and shelter; and the latter lies in the safeguarding of desire, viz. luxury and comfort. These appetites of man move him along the march of progress as he develops and completes his own projects- a quest that leads ultimately towards the completion of what Sartre calls man’s God-project. â€Å"The fundamental project of human reality is the desire to be God.† Society is founded precisely for the advancement of such a goal. It is the result of the marriage of the desire for the completion of man’s projects and the two motivators of man. Society allows man to survive (fulfill base needs) and thrive (complete projects), as ethical principles are ingrained into the very fabric of its nature. Ethical principles are then merely physiological responses for the preservation of a certain kind of life. Thou shalt not kill. ⟠º I don’t want to be killed. Thou shalt not bear false witness. ⟠º I don’t want to be deceived. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor’s wife. ⟠º I don’t want to be stolen from. Behind the clay tablets in which these commandments were inscribed is the hand of man; A hand that trembles in fear of death, of deception, of theft.1 These laws come from no God, but rather from rational fear and cowardice in theShow MoreRelatedMorals and Ethics1023 Words   |  5 PagesMorals and Ethics in Society Kalob Lisk Rasmussen College Author Note This paper is being submitted on July 14, 2016, for Thomas Santangelo’s B406 Business Law and Ethical Behavior course. Morals and Ethics in Society Morals and ethics in society play major roles in our lives and our work environments and I am more than happy to write this research paper to help explain the similarities and its key differences. And this research paper will also include where both morals and ethicsRead MoreEthics As A Textbook Definition Of Ethics Essay1129 Words   |  5 PagesJones Sontag, Becker and Fogelin (1969) define ethics as â€Å"the attempt to state and evaluate principles by which ethical problems may be solved.† (Cooper, p.1). While Cooper (p.1) refers to this as a textbook definition of ethics, it is nonetheless accurate and concise. Preston (1996) describes ethics as being concerned with â€Å"what is right, fair, just or good; about what we ought to do† (Cooper, p. 1-2). Preston’s definition is succinct and to the point. Ethics really is about allowing what is rightRead MoreEssay on Personal Ethical System 1356 Words   |  6 PagesPersonal ethical system We human beings live in a society. The society or the social world we live in is based on human cooperation. In other words, the individuals in a society do not live in an isolated self-centered world. The human interactive system presupposes ethical and moral standpoint from which we operate. My personal ethical system is based on â€Å"service before self† and â€Å"love your neighbors as yourself†. The question that I wish to address in context of these two principles ofRead MoreHinduism, Islam, And Hinduism Essay1205 Words   |  5 Pagessocial graces that make a society prosper. Each religion has its unique features that differentiate it from other religions across the world. The beliefs and practices of various religions often follow a set of principles laid by the founders of that religion. In most cases, these principles often have a primary theme that they tend to support. The major religions that are practiced b many people across the world are Christianity, Islam, and Hinduism. The three religions are practiced in differentRead MoreDeveloping A Code Of Ethics1056 Words   |  5 Pagescritically important to our customers, employees and investors that we adhere to all applicable laws and regulations, follow ethical business practices, maintain good corporate governance, practice transparency and treat people with respect. The ethics that follow define our company and the way we do business with all groups regardless of their origin or location. Commitment to ethical professional conduct is expected of each and every employee. Human Rights: We ensure that our business is not involvedRead MoreEthics : Ethics And Ethics1485 Words   |  6 Pagescollection of moral principles carrying out the manner in which a person leads their life. In modern society philosophers divide ethical theories into three separate areas, meta-ethics, normative ethics and applied ethics. Meta-ethics refer to the origins and meanings of ethical principles, dealing with the nature of moral judgement. Normative ethics refers to what is right and wrong and concerned with the content of moral judgement. Rather applied ethics denotes to controversial ethical issues, oftenRead More Cronan analysis Essay1642 Words   |  7 Pagesto be reinstated. The provisions of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 are not applicable to the Cronan case. The major purposes of the Title VII provisions are to eliminate job discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. The provisions of Title VII apply to employers with 15 or more employees. They also cover labor unions, employment agencies, and various other entities. Cronan could show that a hostile work environment was present (e.g. derogatory pictures, graffitiRead MoreWelfare Has Been At The Forefront Of Debate988 Words   |  4 Pagesmoral principles outlined. The prevalence of arguments rejecting welfare based on the small percentage of ‘dole bludgers,’ who mis-use the system is invalid. Based on these false pretences, the normative conclusion was that the welfare system should be abolished. The purpose of this reflection is to review the ethical dimensions explicitly and implicitly contained in the essay to determine if this a moral judgement or one merely made from a bias point of view. Furthermore, if any other ethical principlesRead MoreEssay on Human Cloning and the Value of Human Life1257 Words   |  6 Pagesof the human person in law is effectively expressed by the classical aphorism: Hominum cause omne ius constitutum est. This means that law is such if and to the extent to which it is based on man in his truth. Who does not see that this basic principle of every just legal system is being seriously threatened by reductive conceptions of mans essence and dignity? These concepts have given rise to the legalization of serious violations of human rights, particularly, the right to life. ObjectiveRead MoreLeadership Models And Organizational Culture852 Words   |  4 PagesGrand Canyon University LDR804-Leading across Cultures September 7, 2016 Ethical Leadership Models Leaders that demonstrate a commitment to behaving in an ethical manner are viewed as trustworthy and subordinates gravitate toward them. Ethical leaders have a solid foundational belief in honesty and trustworthiness and disseminate these principles throughout the organization. This paper will present ethical leadership models as tools for shaping organizational culture. An overview of which

Friday, December 27, 2019

The Effects of Body Dysmorphic Disorder in Mirror Gazing Free Essay Example, 1500 words

However, individuals with Body Dysmorphic Disorder unlike normal individuals who do not experience the disorder are bound to experience more stress when gazing at the mirror for a lengthy period as opposed to a shorter period. From the study results, it is therefore correct to conclude that, individuals suffering from BDD, exposing them to a mirror regardless of the duration of mirror exposure act serves as an immediate trigger for abnormal mode of processing as well as well as associated distress. Thus, Body Dysmorphic Disorder development can be associated from past excessive mirror gazing behaviors. It is unsurprising that many individuals have concerns regarding their physical appearance. However, in body dysmorphic disorder, the relevant concerns are so pronounced that they are associated with intense distress as well as interference with the quality of life. A study was conducted to determine strategic and automatic measures as predictors of mirror gazing among persons with Bo dy Dysmorphic Disorder symptoms. The aim for the study was to test cognitive behavioral models of Body Dysmorphic Disorder in an effort of examining the relationships correlates of mirror gazing and cognitive biases. We will write a custom essay sample on The Effects of Body Dysmorphic Disorder in Mirror Gazing or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now The study investigated both relatively strategic and automatic measures of cognitive biases among 32 participants (Clerkin & Teachman, 2009). From the study results, anxiety and avoidance were associated with mirror gazing among the individuals who had a Body Dysmorphic Disorder. The interpretation that were tied to appearance uniquely illustrated a self-reported desire to avoidance, while the evaluations of strategic appearance uniquely illustrated peak anxiety that was associated with mirror gazing as well as automatic appearance associations that was uniquely predicted behavioral avoidance. These study results provide considerable support for cognitive models of Body Dysmorphic Disorder while suggesting dissociation between strategic automatic and automatic measures. Patients suffering from BDD are bound to spend many hours in front of the mirror. However, little is known about factors that make such kind of behavior and the psychopathology. A st udy was done to find out the behaviors and beliefs leading to the trend. The study examined two types of groups for comparison that involved 55 body dysmorphic disorder patients and 55 control individuals. A self-reported questionnaire was used in collecting the responses. From the study results, the BDD patient were driven to continue with the mirror gazing behavior with the hope that they will look different.

Thursday, December 19, 2019

Impact of Ict on Society - 2585 Words

SISAT School of Information Systems Technology Faculty of Informatics ISIT900 Fundamentals of Contemporary Technologies Impact of ICT on Society Table of Contents PART A 1 1. Introduction 1 2. The annotations 1 2.1 Scholarly journal articles 1 2.2 Conference papers 1 2.3 Newspaper articles 1 2.4 Internet sources 1 3. Conclusion 2 Annotated Bibliographies 3 PART B (Endnote) 6 4. Introduction 6 5. The Endnote advantages 6 6. The Endnote disadvantages 7 7. The Recommendations 8 8. Conclusion 9 9. References 10 PART A Introduction With era of globalization, information technology has taken new horizons and reached a position where it is a part of our daily routine. Information and†¦show more content†¦These topics are the tutorial agenda in the conference which has been followed by a number of open themes on the topic in order to clarify the topic from a strategic perspective. In addition to the open themes and the delivered tutorial, a number of papers indicating experiences of e-government in Argentina, Iran, Ethiopia, and Nigeria have been presented during the workshop. The major key findings and experiences of these countries have been also highlighted in this paper which is basically a report on e-government in the countries in question. FLORIDI, L. (2007) A look into the future impact of ICT on our lives. The Information Society, 23, 59-64. This journal article is written for professional, journalist, IT student and all people who are interested in ICT or anyone who is interested in social society. The article mainly speaks about the impact that ICT is going to have on our lives. The author presented a seminar on a topic where he came across a few questions which led to the writing of the present paper. The makes predictions about future impacts of ICT in the said conference. The author emphasized two ICT scenarios infosphere and reontologization. Infosphere mainly deals with the complete informational environment which is comprised of various informational entities, their properties, processes, interactions and mutual relations. Reontologization on the otherShow MoreRelatedIct And Its Impact On The Society1478 Words   |  6 PagesInnovation in ICT and its impact on the society has been astounding. It is considered to be â€Å"crucial for economic activity† (Jorgenson and Vu, 2007) as it not only â€Å"increas es productivity and boost economic growth,† (Jorgenson et al, 2008) but â€Å"generates complementary innovations that improve economies total factor productivity.† (Ceccobelli et al, 2012) 3D printing is where a â€Å"three-dimensional object is created by laying down successive layers of material that adhere to one another, creatingRead MoreIct And Its Impact On America s High Tech Societies1408 Words   |  6 Pagestechnology or ICT. Any business that has to deal with consumers knows how vital the communication process is. Many consumers have dealt with a company that has poor telephone customer support and know how frustrating that can become. ICT can help by opening up other communication paths for the consumer, directly linking them to the business. One of the first things a company should understand about ICT is the strategic relevance and how important it can be for success in today’s high tech societies. ICTRead MoreThe Importance of Information and Communications Technology Essay631 Words   |  3 Pagestechnology (ICT) is generally regarded as the overlap of computer information and telecommunications technologies, and their applications. In this document the term ICT is used to indicate the whole range of technologies involved in information processing and electronic communications, including the internet, electronic mail and videoconferencing. In recent years ICT has had, and is continuing to have, an increasingly significant impact on all aspects of society. There are Read MoreKiryl Slizheuski. Student Number Here. Class Section Here.1675 Words   |  7 PagesKiryl Slizheuski STUDENT NUMBER HERE CLASS SECTION HERE ICT Controversy Paper: Do ICTs Improve Work Productivity? Introduction Technology is at the core of modern society. Accordingly, information and communication technologies (ICTs) now have a significant presence in the workplace. Yet, this integration has left many wondering whether ICTs actually improve work productivity. Corporations, governments, as well as non-government organizations have been pursuing this pressing question (Boeri 107)Read MoreIct Entrepreneurship For Social Impact Essay1513 Words   |  7 Pageshis money, he focuses his time, energy, and resources on making a better world. In 2016, World Telecommunication and Information Society Day (WTISD-2016) will focus on the theme: â€Å"ICT entrepreneurship for social impact†, in accordance with Resolution 68 and as endorsed by ITU Council 2015.The theme for WTISD-16 is in line with ITU’s work in unlocking the potential of ICTs for young innovators and entrepreneurs, innovative SMEs, start-ups and technology hubs as drivers of innovative and practical solutionsRead MoreTech v s Men1223 Words   |  5 Pagestechnological regimes that has as a result an impact on society. It is a fact that technology has contributed tremendously to the development of society until this days. From the creation of devices, to detect several illness and other medical conditions, to products that will simplify our life at work and home. Two important questions to ask ourselves are: how are we being shaped by technology in society? And, how we are influencing technology? When analyzing the impacts on both sides we find many factorsRead MoreIn modern times Information Communication Technology (ICT) has become ever-present in life.800 Words   |  4 Pagesmodern times Information Communication Technology (ICT) has become ever-present in life. Sometimes it feels as though it is encroaching on daily routine but the advantages it offers in both personal and working life are prodigious. This essay will examine the impact ICT currently has, on private life and at work. The issues arising from the developments of these technologies will also be given consideration. Furthermore l egislation relevant to ICT will be examined to ensure there is adequate protectionRead MoreImpact of Ict on Banking and Finance1574 Words   |  7 PagesIMPACT OF ICT IN BANKING AND FINANCE As in a pendulum movement, the reflections about the impact of ICTs in the Economy have swung from enthusiasm to realism and back to optimism, being each of these states really subjective and implying a wide range of shades within. After a first period of cyberoptimism, people that â€Å"wanted to see† and people that thought â€Å"waiting to see† was a bad strategy because â€Å"it will then be too late†, followed a timespan where scientists — mainly economists — stuck to strictRead MoreIct : Information And Communication Technologies1350 Words   |  6 PagesICT stands for Information and Communication technologies; it is a notation used to summaries technologies, which consist of devices to collect, store, edit and transfer information in various forms. I am writing this report to inform the importance of ICT in different sectors; such as education, health and banking. In addition to this, I would like to inform about the development of technology over the years. I am going to carry out this research through the use of online sources and textbooks.Read MoreImpact of Ict on Accounting Practice in Nigeria1663 Words   |  7 PagesThe impact of ICT on accounting practice in Nigeria CHAPTER ONE Introduction 1.1  Ã‚  Ã‚   Background of the study   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   In the recent past centuries, before the inception of Information and Communications Technology (ICT), the accountants of an organization were using a socially acceptable behavioural method of reporting accounting and economic reports, carried out during accounting year ends, the preparation of accounting records, book such as the profit and loss account, the balance sheet

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Wildlife conservation free essay sample

Wildlife Conservation includes all human efforts to perserve wild animals from extinction. It involves the protection and wise management of wild species and their environment. Some species have become extinct due to natural causes, but the greatest danger to wildlife results from human activities. Thus, we ourselves have created this need for wildlife conservation. The progress of man throughout has been beneficial for the human race but it is the wildlife that has suffered through the years. Invention of sophisticated weapons, industrialization, urbanization, ever increasing human population have been some of the major causes for the dwindle of our once rich resource. Hunting, clearing of forests, draining of swamps and damming of rivers for irrigation and industry this is what we appraise of mans progress. These activities have vastly reduced the natural habitats of our wildlife and many species are endangered or nearly extinct. Mans indifference and ignorance has led him to believe that he is independent of natural laws and of natural environments and forgets that he himself is a biological being and is directly and/or indirectly dependent on the natural resources available to him. He exploits, destroys and reduces the renewable natural resources, eradicates wildlife and leads his own race to levels leading to catastrophe. All this can be put to an end by careful long-range ecological planning. Along with the topic of conservation arises a question-Why should be care about disappearing animals? The answer to such a question can be attributed to many reasons. Some of them are as follows: Survival value Every species plays an important role in maintaining an ecological balance among the living systems of the earth. These systems must continue to function if life is to survive. Loss of any species threatenes the survival of several species inclusive of man. Mans own survival depends on his willingness and ability to co-operate with the living environment. Human beings turn to nature and wildlife for spiritual, psychological, physical and cultural benefits. Scientific value The study of wildlife provides valuable knowledge about life processes which has helped scientists understand the functioning and behaviour of the human body. Scientists have also gained medical knowledge and discovered important medical products by studying wildlife. By studying the effects of environmental pollution on wildlife it is possible to learn how pollution affects human life. Economic value Wild species of animal provide meat for food and skin for fur. The financial value of wild species is of major importance in the economics of many nations. Beauty Wildlife includes a diversity of species that contributes in a special way to the beauty of nature. Such beauty enriches life and increase the enjoyment of camping and outdoor recreation. On all continents wildlife is becoming an increasingly important recreational asset and tourist attraction. They maintain the health of the living landscape and productivity of the ecosystem. Wildlife represents the result of many years of evolution and constitute and environmental heritage to the past, a world which once surrounded our ancestors. Moreover, why should man deny that animals as species have the right to live and coexist with ourselves? We are responsible to the coming generation to leave as an inheritance an upspoiled world with intact living beauty and richness. Apart from the aesthetical ethical reasons, there are also educational arguments to preserve wildlife. Reasons for Dwindle Man in his zeal for progress fails to realize that his own existence is being jeopardised. Progress, as he terms it, has made him contaminate air; pollute streams, lakes and oceans, drain swamps and wetlands, lowering the water table; rape prairies and forests; spray pesticides over water and land; kill animals excessively for immediate profit, or on false assumptions that they are noxious or for fashionable sport. Man alone, though often in combination with his livestock is destroying the natural environment. Civilization, as we apply the term, is not just cities industrial developments, miles of highways, enormous airfields, and numerous other technological conveniences. By destroying wildlife for civilization and culture, we are only negating the meaning of the words. If he does have to change habits, then he must be able to manage them properly in order to maintain a rich and varied wildlife. Man has to think of the dangerous trop he is setting up for himself human over population. It is mans ability to think that formulated the idea of conservation is applied ecology and may also be regarded as bio-economy. In other words, conservation is defined as sound preservation, management and sensible use of the available renewave natural resources. This decision of conservation is in our hands and man seems to be going in the right direction regarding this decision that holds the key to the future of our most valuable natural resource. Governments of several nations have passed laws and set aside national parks, sanctuaries and other wildlife reserves in an effort to save the dwindling wildlife. Such efforts have saved several species from becoming extinct. However, these efforts hae to increase several fold, if not for a complete recovery, at least about 3/4 of the species threatened with extinction can be redeemed.

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

Snow Falling On Cedars Essays - Puget Sound, Snow Falling On Cedars

Snow Falling On Cedars I have to admit, when I first started reading this book, I had a problem with trying to stay awake: I found the writing dry. Then slowly as characters were introduced, a mystery started to unfold, and tension between neighbors rose, I could not put the novel down. Whether it was the vivid descriptions of the snow banks, or the emotional accounts of the townspeople, David Guterson's novel, Snow Falling on Cedars is a true piece of literary art. Snow Falling on Cedars is the fictional account of a Japanese immigrant, Kabuo Miyamoto who is on trial for the murder of a fisherman, Carl Heines. The majority of the residents of San Piedro have already found Kabuo guilty simply because of his race, physical stature, and history as a soldier. Guterson weaves this relatively simple tale through the eyes of many people giving points of view that are sometimes lost in stories of prejudice, thus creating a complex story where one finds themselves simplifying with every party involved. By doing this, Guterson establishes an emotional connection between the readers and the characters. The characters, although physically different, are very similar in that they don't trust anyone who is different than they are. For instance, Carl Heine's mother always believed that Kabuo was glaring at her. She felt that he was sneaky and was going to try and steal away her land. Through this statement, we see how some of the white residents feel about their neighbors from the Far East. Guterson also makes it known that the older Japanese do not trust the White's either when we read the conversation between Hatsue and her mother. Hatsue's mother tells her that the whites are evil and deceitful and will try and take away her purity. By writing these conversations, Guterson shows us that a lot of anxiety is built between different cultures when they do not understand each other. Snow Falling on Cedars has found a place in my heart. Up until the last chapter I was convinced that this story was just a cheap rip-off of ?To Kill A Mockingbird?, yet in the last chapter justice is served, and an innocent man walks away. This is one of the main reasons I liked this book. I identified with the characters, I established a connection, while the whole time hoping they would do the right thing, and as we know, they do not let me down. Ishmael comes to the Miyamoto family with his news about the freighter, and they approach the sheriff with it. I was a little worried at this point that Ishmael was going to remain bitter about loosing Hatsue, but as was my initial feeling he did do the right thing. I think that was one of the major themes that this book was portraying, although people are different and have very strong conflicting emotions, we are all humanitarians and we will do the right thing. I feel this book ties in well with the ?Washington State History? class. One can read about Washington's high amount of trees, yet one cannot appreciate them nearly as well as I did when reading Snow Falling on Cedars. Snow Falling on Cedars had a certain charm to it, something I connected with as a long time resident of this State. For instance, when Ishmael is making his way to his mother's house, and he is describing the chaos that the snow has created, ?Looking out past the windshield wipers Ishmael saw billions of snowflakes falling in long tangents, driven southward, the sky shrouded and furious. The wind propelled the snow against the side of barns and homes, and Ishmael could hear it whistling through the wing window's rubber molding, which had been loose now for many years.?(320) I am reminded of my days growing up in the Cispus Valley where scenes like this were frequent in the winter months. The strawberry farms are another good example. Some of the descriptions that Guterson used to capture the beauty of these fields were as if they were mine. I remember working summer jobs in strawberry fields in Orting and the long aisles of strawberries were indeed quite beautiful and did have a great aroma. Perhaps the most important part of Snow Falling on Cedars is the descriptions of the Japanese Internment Camp. Maybe this is my fault, however I like to consider myself well in tune with history, but I had no idea how bad the Japanese were treated. To think, while we were in

Wednesday, November 27, 2019

Frida Kahlo free essay sample

Three years after Kahlos birth the Mexican Revolution began. This was a major event in Mexican history as well as an influence on much of Kahlos art. She was a surrealist painter which means that she expressed her deepest feelings and thoughts through her paintings. The public viewed her as a high spirited yet rebellious woman who liked to paint what she knew. Her daily life was reflected into most if not all of her paintings, and she used her painting as an escape to express her emotions. Her unique style has made her one of the most famous Mexican artists of her time. This painting is a self portrait of Frida Kahlo, in two split personalities. The Two Fridas was made in 1939. It is oil on canvas, standing at a height of 581/2 square. It is hanging in the Museo de Arte, in Mexico City. There are two Fridas, sitting in adjacent chairs and holding hands, staring back at the viewer. We will write a custom essay sample on Frida Kahlo or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The two Fridas are sitting on a green weaved bench on a brownish smooth floor, and behind them is a painting of blue and gray sky on a wall. The Two Fridas is a self-portrait containing two women that are symbolic of Frida Kahlo. The women have completely different appearances, but are linked in this picture. The women are sitting side-by-side in identical sitting formation. The two are also physically connected through the connected vein. The surroundings and accessories of the women look to be that of separation and each respective woman’s (or physiological side’s) style. The sky behind the women displays a dark and eerie sky. The woman on the left is wearing a formal white European-style dress. The dress is very proper and has the characteristics of sophisticated attire. The dress is very frilly and has an eloquent pattern on the upper portion of the dress. The dress covers the majority of her body and the woman’s skin is paler than that of the second woman. Both attributes listed above point in the direction of a high-class individual. Another high-class and proper property shown by the woman on the left is her hair and make-up. She has very neat and tied down hair. Her make-up is very accurately and crisply put on. Overall, the woman on the left is very presentable in high-class society. The woman on the right has a very different appearance. This woman has on very casual clothing. She seems to wearing a very informal dress with a long, dirty, and green bottom that is hemmed with a white, stained fabric. The dress seems to be very unkempt and unclean. This shows her less formal side. The top is very loose and stylistically sloppy, and it seems to be untidy as well. Her body language is also more relaxed. She doesn’t seem to be wearing a bra in the picture, so maybe her mood is more relaxed. The woman on the right is also holding a small picture in her hand. The picture is so small that the viewer cannot identify it easily. The face of the woman on the right seems to be dirtier that the left as well. The make-up is essentially vacant from her face and she has upper lip hair growing. Another area of sloppiness is the hairline of the woman on the right. The woman on the left, as pointed out earlier, has a very clean and tidy hairstyle/hairline. The woman on the right, however, has a hairline full of array and discombobulation. There also seems to be juxtaposition with the respective circulatory systems. The woman on the left has a heart with exposed damages and impurities and a pair of scissors cutting one of her veins in half. The woman on the right has a very healthy heart and long flowing veins. Both the women’s veins both lead to each one’s respective hands, but each one has a different object in it (the left having the scissors and the right having the picture). The women are not only linked through the connection of the circulatory systems, but are holding hands. Essentially, this is examining what purpose the artist, Frida Kahlo, has in the details or ‘facts’ displayed in the artwork, The Two Fridas. The facts acquired in the previous paragraph are now analyzed using knowledge and research about the author and painting. As stated in the introduction, Frida Kahlo’s work typically contains bold emotions displayed through the art. The Two Fridas does not stray far from the typical Frida Kahlo painting. Frida starts the boldness instantly with the uncontemporary self-portrait. The self-portrait is of two women; the viewer is already captured by this unique style. Frida seems to show her divided feelings or personalities through her ‘two Fridas’. Frida’s life during the creation of The Two Fridas was very hectic because she was getting a divorce to other well-known Mexican artist, Diego Rivera (About Frida Kahlo’s Art). Her life was a very violent mess at this time. She reportedly still loved him, proven by the fact that they later remarry, providing evidence that there was mixed emotions of the divorce. The violent mess is communicated through the stormy background Frida paints. The storm surrounding her torn feelings is perfectly communicated through this painting. The two women are tied together through obligation (connecting veins) and choice (holding hands). This shows the complexity of Frida’s emotions through very simple details. The stormy background makes it seem like there is a struggle between the two women, and this matches up with the idea of a forced connection with through the circulatory system. If this were the only connection between the two, the emotions would be quite simple. The fact that the women are voluntarily holding hands makes this relationship more complex. The willingness to grasp each other’s hand shows the mixed emotions Frida was feeling at this time. The storm and the two women show that there is a separation, but the connecting veins and hands make it seem like the separation wasn’t exactly wanted. Another interesting aspect of this connection is the focus Frida puts on what each woman has in each respective hand. The woman on the right is holding a picture, and the picture’s content is that of Diego Rivera (Frida Kahlo Paintings). Frida clearly states the two different sides (or women) with this detail. The woman on the right represents a girl who is still in love with Rivera. She has stayed true to her origins in Mexico as a lower class person through her attire and unkempt manner. This woman that loves Rivera is shown as a comfortable woman. The woman on the left is holding a pair of scissors and seems to be keen on causing harm to her circulatory system. The woman may even be trying to rid herself of the pain of being connected to the Frida that loves Rivera. She desperately feels the need to separate from the lifestyle of a loving wife. The scissors are then very necessary for the woman on the left. The scissors are the only way for separation to occur. Frida may have drawn the women to have their most important possessions in their respective hands. The woman on the left values the scissors because it provides an escape from her roots and Rivera’s love. The woman on the right values her husband, Diego Rivera, most. The fact that they are both grabbing each other’s hands shows that they care about each other too much to let the natural desire to separate prevail. This aspect clearly shows the complexity of Frida’s emotions. The woman on the left wants separation, but can’t let go. The woman on the right wants to be free from the sophisticated and independent lifestyle, but can’t give up that quality. Frida Kahlo’s divorce occurred right after her visit to Europe. She observed the proper lifestyle of European ladies (Digital Arts and Sciences Corp. 1998). It seems as though Frida wants to move on to an independent and proper lifestyle, but her love for Rivera lingers. The fact that the women are holding hands shows that Frida’s crossroads in life isn’t clear-cut and involves intense emotions. Frida Kahlo had a tendency to involve bold details in her artwork. The boldest aspect of this piece is the fact that the circulatory system is exposed. Obviously, normal people do not have exposed circulatory systems, so what is the purpose for including this? Most people associate the circulatory system with vulnerability. Blood is a product of being hurt or damaged, which is a pretty vulnerable activity. The heart is a consistent symbol of raw emotion and love. Frida shows how her exposed heart is a symbol of her exposing her emotions through her painting. The circulatory systems are different between the two women. The woman on the left is bleeding and has a damaged heart. The woman on the right has a healthy heart and veins. As pointed out earlier, the woman on the left is the post-Rivera, independent, and European Frida. The damaged heart of this Frida could mean multiple things. The damage could mean that she has been damaged from the divorce with Rivera. It could also mean that it hurts her to separate from the original Frida. Either way, Frida Kahlo shows her true emotions during the time period because of the damaged heart. Through this, Frida shows that the Frida at the time of the painting was the one on the left. Frida Kahlo would never have painted The Two Fridas if she were completely fine. The painting shows her emotion crossroads and the storm going on inside of her, and her heart would never be intact during that mess. She also indicates that she carries the pain with her everywhere through the bloodstains on the dress. This is also another reason she keeps the circulatory systems connected. Frida identifies herself as the woman on the left, but she is still connected to the other, and the other connected to her. This is where Frida shows that she is still in love with Rivera at the time after the divorce. The vein of the woman on the right leads straight to the picture of Rivera. Even though Frida is the woman on the left at this time, she is still connected to Rivera through her blood and through her heart. The circulatory system is another example of how Frida Kahlo uses a bold style to communicate complex emotions. The Two Fridas by Frida Kahlo is a great piece of artwork to be a critic for. It provides very unique and bold visual aspects that translate to deep and intense emotional expressions. Frida shows her true brilliance and complexity through the two-person self-portrait. Frida displays the intense emotions involved with the crossroad in her life through her unique style and boldness. Overall, the piece was very thought provoking and provided perspective to embrace all types of expression. The Two Fridas by Frida Kahlo truly is a piece of art. One such painting, â€Å"Self-Portrait with Thorn Necklace and Hummingbird,† is a depiction of Kahlo’s life at one point in time. It shows the artist wearing a thorn necklace with a hummingbird hanging from the necklace; the painting also has a black cat behind the artist’s left shoulder and a black baby monkey behind the artist’s right shoulder. In the background, there are many dark colored leaves to cover the whole area in the back with one yellow leaf behind Kahlo’s head. The painter portrays these objects as a symbolic meaning to an emotion or event in her life. This painting shows Kahlo with a dead hummingbird hanging like a charm from her thorn necklace. The birds dark wings mimic Frida Kahlos trademark dark eyebrows. Mexican culture attributes luck in love to these dead birds. At the time this portrait was painted, Frida was going through yet another painful ordeal with her husband, which in itself may be seen as a theme in her work â€Å"Self-Portrait with Thorn Necklace and Hummingbird† is showing her suffering and her hope that she has in her life. Every single object in this painting has some symbolic meaning which represents something about the artist. Remember, not all of Kahlo’s paintings are going to be about her suffering and hope; it will be about her emotions at some point in her life. Every artist has their own style of expressing themselves through different creations of art; keep an open mind. In Self Portrait with Thorn Necklace and Hummingbird, Kahlo mixes indigenous Aztec tradition with Christian imagery. The thorn necklace echoes Christs Crown of Thorns while at the same echoes Aztec practices where priests performed self-mutilation with agave thorns and stingray spines. The dead hummingbird is sacred to the chief god of Tenochtitlan, Huitzilopichtli, the god of sun and of war. The fearful Aztec goddess Coatlicue wears a necklace of skull. The monkey was her beloved pet and then the cat, it was kind of like the devil and the angel sitting on her shoulders, and the cat really wanted to eat the hummingbird, which it said was the symbol of love in Latin American countries. And the monkey was just toying with her necklace. I really liked the detail and the symmetry, and the colors were so vivid against the background†¦the lush green and the urples were so bright, they just jumped out. The focal point of the artwork is her face, which is established by placement, contrast and line. The monobrow is vertically centred and almost horizontally in the middle. The black colouring of the monobrow is sharply contrasted against the paler, reddish-brown colour of her skin. The hummingbird at the bottom not only â€Å"points† upwards to the face, but has also been cleverly manipulated to imitate Kahlo’s brow, drawing further attention to her facial features. From the monobrow, the eye then travels back down to the hummingbird, then back towards the cloth crown and butterflies. The bold contrasting use of colour emphasizes Kahlo’s monobrow, eyes and hair, making her appear quite solemn. The use of tone adds shadows under her eyes, creating the feel of sadness and tiredness. Emphasis on Kahlo’s brow and eyes make her eyes soulful in appearance, which captivates the viewer’s attention, causing them to scrutinise the painting. Keeping the painting balanced by positioning the monkey and cat over the shoulders create three balanced sections, keeping the focus on the figure. Symbolism plays a huge role in all of Kahlo’s work, and without her use of symbols many of her works would be absent of emotions and any deeper meaning. A dead hummingbird, a necklace of thorns, butterflies and dragonflies and a monobrow are all used in â€Å"Self Portrait with Thorn Necklace, Hummingbird and Unibrow. † Hummingbirds are a traditional Mexican symbol of good luck, and are ironically used in reference to her unfortunate life, and to her Mexican heritage. The thorn necklace represents Christ’s unravelled crown of thorns, marking Frida’s Christianity, whilst the dragonflies and butterflies symbolise the Resurrection. The exaggerated beard and monobrow are political statements towards feminism as in western culture they are seen as undesirable and so are purposely emphasized. Kahlo’s painting was created in Mexico 1940, a time of great economical and political change in Mexico. Kahlo was a nationalist but avant-garde representational artist in the era of surrealism, and her paintings have been described as a combination of surrealism, symbolism, and realism. Frida Kahlo, 2007) The aim of surrealism was to unleash the â€Å"deep layer† of the human mind where memories and the most basic instincts are stored, and to revive the â€Å"unconscious† mind and reconcile it with rational life. Kahlo unconsciously utilized the first images, thoughts, and desires that crossed her mind. (Hernandez, 2007, Frida-Kahlo, The Surrealist? ) In her art, Kahlo interpreted these themes in a symbolic manner to express and understand the tragedy of her life. It was only after a horrendous vehicle accident when she was eighteen that she started most of her artwork, to channel her pain into something expressive, an outlet of her experiences. Kahlo’s work went beyond the limits of reality. She transferred every thought into her painting, and demonstrated that her life revolved around pain and horror. (Brown, 2002, Frida Kahlo- an Amazing Woman) Her painting reflects Mexican culture through the traditional flat, two-dimensional figures. The political and gender-based message of feminism and nationalism is shown through the unconventional exaggeration of her monobrow and moustache. Suffering and pain may be shown through facial expressions or through the objects in the painting. As stated in the title of the self-portrait, the thorn necklace is wrapped around her neck, puncturing little holes in her neck. This is a symbol of pain and suffering just as Christ was in pain wearing the thorn crown. As the blood is dripping down from her punctured wounds on her neck, Kahlos facial expression is so discreet that it does not seem like she is in pain; as if the artist wanted to appear strong and unbreakable while keeping all the pain and suffering inside. The artist may be suffering on the inside, but she likes to have a little bit of hope on the outside as well. Pablo Picasso was probably the most famous artist of the twentieth century. During his artistic career, which lasted more than 75 years, he created thousands of works, not only paintings but also sculptures, prints, and ceramics, using all kinds of materials. He almost single-handedly created modern art. He changed art more profoundly than any other artist of this century because he was an inspiration. The influence of Pablo Picasso on art can be measured via the enduring fame of the man; he remains, arguably, the most famous artist since Michelangelo, more celebrated than Duschamp, Monet or Cezanne. He was a legend during his own lifetime, the celebrated Salvador Dali citing Picasso as, â€Å"his hero, and to be taken seriously by him [Picasso], a sort of right of passage. † His private life and professional life merged more than most famous artists. Bar for a small period towards the end of his life, Picasso was free from the scandal that accompanied the legends of Matisse, Van Gogh or Manet, for instance. Art was always his first mistress, although more than most other artists, Picasso drew from the experiences which touched him in his personal life to inspire his creative output. Pablo Picassos 1937 painting Guernica is renowned as one of the worlds most famous anti-war pieces of art, and was painted explicitly to protest against the bombing of Guernica in Spain by German and Italian fighter planes. Following completion of the painting later that year, Picasso allowed it to go on a brief world tour, his aim being to ensure that people all around the globe would be aware of the horrors being carried out in Spain. Picasso was strongly against the fascists in the Civil War, and Guernica remains not only his most overt anti-war statement, but one of the most well known anti-war statements of all time. The bombing of Guernica had been requested by the Spanish Nationalists during the Spanish Civil War, and was seen by many as one of the most horrific uses of brutal force during the conflict. Guernica was a small village of just a few thousand citizens. Most were women and children, because the men were away fighting. The bombing was therefore more of an attempt at intimidation than an attack with real strategic value. Estimates of the number of dead range from 400-500 up to 1,600, with the former being considered today to be more accurate. Regardless of the number of casualties, however, the impact of the Guernica bombing was substantial: it demonstrated once and for all the cooperation between German, Italian and Spanish fascist groups, and it also convinced the rest of the world that the German Luftwaffe was committed to terror bombings of the type. The impact during the subsequent World War 2 was considerable, as Guernica was one of the key events that shaped the Allied analysis of German aerial combat tactics. In the centre, a horse can be made out, but there are other, hidden images present too, including a human skull and another bull. The spear that has run through the horse and caused it so much pain creates a gaping wound that dominates much of the rest of the scene. It is also important to recognise that the action seems to be taking place in a room, at least on the left side, while a burning building is visible on the right. Picassos intention appears to be to place this carnage both inside and outside, and to show how it brings man down to the level of beasts. The bull on the left is the crucial link between the human and animal aspects of war, as it stops to consider the pain of the grieving woman just as the other pull gores the horse. The lightbulb in the sun, at the top of the painting, symbolises the hopelessness of mans attempt to appeal to God for help. Picasso is showing how God is simply another manmade items, like a lightbulb, and there is no promise of deliverance from the horrific scene that is unfolding. Meanwhile a woman seems to float through a window with a flame held up, but the look of horror on her face clearly shows that she was not prepared for the scene that she is now witnessing. Again, Picasso appears to be showing the lack of hope present in this scene. It is clear, overall, that the painting was completed when Picasso was at a low ebb, uncertain whether Spain would ever recover from the horrors of its war. The right of the painting is perhaps the most conventional, featuring as it does a human figure wracked with pain and on fire. This is a less symbolic and more realistic portrayal of another part of the horrors of war, with flames surrounding the figure and, to the extreme right of the canvas, a dark door opening. There are different interpretations of this door. Some see it as the only hope for those trapped in the painting, as if they can still escape. Others see it as an ominous sign, a doorway to nothingness and a sign that Picasso believes the conflict will lead only to destruction. It is possible to see the door as both simultaneously, offering an equal chance of either oblivion or salvation. However, the bleakness of the view through the door suggests that Picasso sees it as a portal to doom. Guernica has come to symbolise military atrocities, to the extent that subsequent attacks around the world are sometimes dubbed the new Guernica. Shortly after the invasion of Iraq, it emerged that a copy of the Guernica painting which had been hanging in the Pentagon had been ordered to be covered up while military planners prepared for the attack (Rowley, 2009). This was taken by many observers to be confirmation of the paintings power to encourage members of the military to recognise the horrors that their actions might unleash. Seventy years after Guernica was bombarded, Picassos famous painting has helped keep its story alive so that others might have their actions checked. Picasso’s Guernica is the probably the single most influential and controversial pieces of the 20th century. Most likely the last historical piece of its kind. Actually the only one of its kind. It sets itself apart from the norm of Picasso’s cubism. Although Picasso insisted that the Guernica had nothing to politics or fascism, but â€Å"There is a deliberate appeal to the people, a deliberate sense of propaganda. Many would argue that the painting is the most powerful political work of modern art ever created. He made an anti-war statement through the painting without using bombs or other weapons. Instead he used twisted images of terrified and dismembered bodies surrounding an agonized horse to contradict any ideas the world may have of warfare being heroic. When Picasso was asked to explain the symbolism in the painting he said,†it isn’t up to the painter to define the symbols†. Cubism gained it name from an art critic by the name of Luis Vauxcelles after Matisse described paintings as consisting of little cubes. Picasso and Georges Braque are the founders of this style of art starting around 1909. â€Å"Those who sacrifice liberty in place of temporary freedom, deserve neither liberty nor freedom†-Benjamin Franklin. Theres an old saying that goes, there is no great art, just great artists. Frida Kahlo proves that an artists work can stand alone without a wildly interesting biography swallowing up each painting. Its just a matter of taking the time to separate yourself from all the hoopla that may surround an artist and just open your eyes upon their paintings and then reacting to them. Frida Kahlo free essay sample Psychological state describes the state of mind that we are under. Psychological state can take many forms such as manic, anxious, and depressive. In saying this, our psychological stater can influence things form day to day life. Throughout history events and objects have been reflective of the human psychological state. One of the most prominent subjects to psychological influence is art. Artist such as frida Kahlo, Salvador Dali and Vincent van gough, to name a few, are just some of the selections from art history that reveal their psychological states through their artworks. State of mind takes a large part in my art, I think this accounts for most artists throughout history†-Salvador Dali. Frida Kahlo, born July 6, 1907, was a Mexican painter, who achieved great popularity throughout her career. Frida, as well as being influenced by her culture, also had another major influence that sculpted the way her artworks were made, her psychological state. We will write a custom essay sample on Frida Kahlo or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page There were many major event sin frida Kahlo’s life that effected her mental state but it all began with â€Å"the accident†. At the early age of 18, frida was involved in a bus accident that irreversibly changed her life. After the accident had occurred frida spent all her time painting. After three months of immobilisation frida had begun painting an array of different paintings, none of yet, that were of a psychologically revealing nature. Although this did not mean that this accident hadn’t affected her mental state at all. In the years to come, frida embarked on many artistic projects, a lot of these being portraits. Although only portraits, these portraits strongly revealed her mental state at the time and the pain she had gone through. I paint myself because I am often alone and I am the subject I know best. An example of a work that reflects this is Self-Portrait with Thorn Necklace and Hummingbird. Filled with a large pallet of symbols and meanings, this is one of fridas most prominent in revealing her psychological state. This very confronting artwork, as well as showing her pain and love for Mexico also reveals the painful events in her life that influenced her psychological state. This artwork, a swell as the symbols and meanings also has a confronting stance. Defying the rules of the portrait, instead of having an angled shot of frida, there is a front on shot. This position positions the viewer to feel confronted and shows that she feels that after the accident society sees her as a confronting women. As the accident restricted her from having a child (resulting in many miscarriages) the symbol of a monkey has been incorporated into the painting. The monkey symbolizes her as being infertile and not being able to have a child. This shows her desperate state of mind and that she wanted to have some sort of offspring/child. As well as this, there is a black cat positioned on her right shoulder. This cat, in this portrait is a symbol of witchcraft and bad luck. This symbol or motif are directly related to her accident. As she was catholic it was shun upon to not have a child. So the sue of this black cat reflects her disappointment in not being able to have a child, but also makes an avid reference to catholic history in the time of witch hunts. But as well as having negative references to her mental state, positives still maintain within the picture. The crown of thorns shows her feelings towards her catholic heritage and ho strongly she felt about her history. The next major thing to happen in fridas life would be her marriage to Diego and the many mishaps to come. Their marriage on august 21st 1929 not only resulted in the to being in matrimony but also brought up controversy within fridas family. Fridas mother very much disapproved of the marriage stating that it is like â€Å"a dove marrying an elephant†. Despite this, frida and Diego believed that they were born for each other . Upon their marriage, frida painted many paintings that happily reflected her pleased state of mind with the marriage such as â€Å"portrait of women in white dress† and many other self portraits that depicted her in a nice elegant way. But despite this positive state of mind that frida was in, the worst was yet to come. Many affairs later, frida had come to realize that their marriage was on the rocks and reflected on what her mother had commented on the elephant marrying the dove. The painting was done in a traditional Mexican ratabla style. Although this positive image of fridas background and heritage, there are also other symbols and meanings within this picture. Besides the obvious height difference, there are other distinct differences between he two of them. While Diego is painted as he and frida were seen by most people, artists, frida is depicted very differently to how she was. In this picture she is in traditional Mexican clothes, besides the link to her heritage, she is also depicted as somewhat of a housewife, a trait that she very much inverted. Diego is the beginning, the constructor, my baby, boyfriend, painter, my lover, â€Å"my husband† my friend, my mother, myself and the universe†. This quote very much reinforces her state of mind throughout their whole marriage. â€Å"my husband†Ã¢â‚¬ ¦this shows that frida never really considered Diego as much of a husband because of the affairs that Diego ha had and his backing out of their fidelity. This quote on fridas though of her marriage is very much shown in the artwork â€Å"The loving embrace of the universe, the earth, Diego, myself Senor. Xolotl†. This artwork, very much depicts fridas state of mind throughout her relationship. It shows the reversal of her love for Diego, but not in the sense of its deterioration but in that it became more of a maternal love. It contains many of her motifs including Mexican vegetation and its roots, lactating Aztec goddesses the third eye. Again, all of these symbols and motifs revealing her psychological state towards her heritage. It shows that no matter how bad her state of mind got, she always stayed true to her roots. As well as these motifs it also depicts the universe, mother earth, and Diego. All these depicted with open and loving arms. The fact that Diego is in fridas arms is a symbol of her feelings towards him becoming increasingly maternal. The universe and mother earth, despite their physical attributes, can be depicted as Diego, as the above quote reinforces. It shows her state of mind as not only a maternal lover but also that she is always being protected by Diego. But despite these feelings at the time, there would be dramatic changes concerning her and Diego. The first of these being in their trip to America were Diego was commissioned by nelson Rockefeller. Whilst over there frida suffered a miscarriage that would severely effect her state of mind. â€Å"Henry Ford Hospital Detroit† Painted right after her miscarriage, this artwork, through symbols, meanings and through the structural frame shows a revealing image into her psychology and state of mind. The image shows a bloody maternity bed outside on a bleak industrial landscape showing her homesickness and her desolate feeling to such a fast paced industrial world. As well as these landscapes showing her homesickness, there are other objects that have meaning behind them. The symbols such as baby Diego tied to her with a red ribbon or bodily tube show how each painful part of her life attached to her, and it all being symbolic of her mental state after such a horrific event. â€Å"Never before had a woman put such agonized poetry on canvas as frida did at this time†¦Ã¢â‚¬  This shows the symbolic meaning and how her art was an expression of her psychological state of mind. Diego and frida returned to Mexico in December 1933and moved into a house in san angel designed by artist Juan O’Gorman. This Bauhaus style home joined both frida and Diego by a bridge. Although this was so, diego fell further into depression and began an affair with one of frida’s sisters Christina. When frida discovered this relationship it was too much for her to handle. In response to the affair she painted â€Å"a few small nips† A newspaper report about a woman murdered in an act of jealousy provided Kahlo with the subject matter for this work. The murderer defended his actions before the judge by saying: But it was just a few small nips! . The violent deed makes symbolic reference to Fridas own mental state and her own emotional injuries. In this picture,. It can be said that each stab, or nip. is a symbol o everything bad that diego had done to her, and the events in her life. †they thought I was a surrealist and I wasn’t, I never painted my dreams I painted reality†. This is one of fridas most famous quotes concerining her work. It shows that each artwork is an expression of her state of mind in reality, but not of her dreams, as seen in pictures such as what the water gave me, which involves events of her life and significant aspects of her ebing. Fridas mother was unable to breastfeed her as a child. She was therefore fed by a native Indian wet-nurse whom the family had hired for that sole purpose. The relationship between them appears distant and cold, reduced to the practical process of feeding. Because it was the adult Frida who had the memory, the baby has an adult head, and because she could not remember her wet nurses facial features, she covered her face with a pre-Columbian mask. This shows fridas reversion to her childhood through her frustrated and also curious state of mind. Another artwork that reveals a lot about fridas psychological state of mind is her very famous â€Å"self portrait with cropped hair†. This was Fridas first self-portrait after the divorce from her husband Diego. In place of the feminine clothes seen in most of her self-portraits, Frida appears dressed in a large dark mans suit, probably one of Diegos. She has just cut off her long hair that Diego admired so much. In her left hand she holds a lock of her shorn hair like an emblem of her sacrifice. In her right, she holds the scissors with which she martyred her femininity. Strands of hair are everywhere as if they had a life of their own. Surrounded by the evidence of her act, she sits along in a vast expanse of uninhabited space that suggests the depth of her despair. The verse of a song painted across the top of the portrait points to the reason behind this act of self-mutilation. See, if I loved you, it was for your hair, now youre bald, I dont love you any more. . Along wht this painting, two fridas is also an aertowkr which shows her psychological state. It does this trhough echoeing the pose of the self portrait. This is shown the half turned frida and ther scicors, except this time, instead of being used to engage pain, these are sued to stop blood flow and help her survive. †my painting carries with it the message of pain†¦painting completed my life†¦I believe that work is the best thing†. This quote sums up very nicely how frida felt about her artsworks and its reflection on her state of mind. Theere are many artworks which back up this statement but the most prominent and famous wuld have to be the broken column. Aswell as taking symbols form art history such as st Sebastian arrows and the greek column, it also shows her desolation and pain from her many operations, her marriage with Diego and also her mental state. Each arrow can be said as an act form Diego or bad event in her life. †I hope that the leaving is joyful and I hope I never return†